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Recruiting Graduates – Graduate Employability



According to the new Webster dictionary of English Language, A GRADUATE is someone who has taken a bachelor’s degree. Someone who has completed a set course of study at a school or college and received a diploma. It is expected that as a graduate and having completed a set course of study, you should know where to begin with enough advice about how to tackle career making decisions.

There are probably far more options open to any graduate than you think! For example, only less than 40% of all graduate vacancies ask for a specific degree subject. So a graduate must know his/her options.

As a Graduate you should know what skills and qualities you have to offer, what knowledge, values, concepts, motives? What do you enjoy using? What factors interest and motivates you? What about your personality? It’s important to regularly think about these issues, so that you can be clear about how you’re developing and what you have to offer.

You must know how to make decisions; you should be able to match what’s available to you with what you have to offer. If this seems tough, then that’s because it is! Don’t despair. Contact IPRC Nigeria to help you look at yourself, and match what you have to offer to hundreds of potential jobs, and to help you produce a manageable list of potential options.

A Graduate knows how to take action. Once you’ve decided on your goals, you need to maximize your chances of success. IPRC Nigeria can help you with all aspects of job seeking – from producing a powerful CV, to impressing at interview.


Learn how to develop your career management skills by writing targeted CV or effective application. Succeed at interviews by learning non-verbal communications (body language)-arm barriers, hand to face gestures, postures, sitting, and sitting postures so that you can present yourself effectively at different types of interviews. Understand the meaning of probing and why interviewers probe job seekers during interviews. There are four types of job seekers:

(A). Quid pro Que - These are the people who say that “I can do this for you, what can you give me”

(B). I will be with you - These people like to be with big brands. Importance is given to brands. They are not bothered about work ethic, culture, mission etc.

(C). I will do what you want - These people are concerned about how meaningful the job is and they define meaning parameters criteria known by previous job

(D). Where do you want me to come - These people observe things like where is your office, what atmosphere do you offer? Career prospects and exciting projects don’t entice them as much.

Decide the group you belong to before seeking for job. Take part in job seeking seminars, workshop on CVs, application forms or interviews etc. Learn about psychometric tests and other selection methods and try to experience examples of assessment centre recruitment tests. Examine what employers want and what you have to offer. Find how your work experience, your academic course and current achievement can give you extra skills and employability. Target employers through speculative applications and find out how to identify and approach employers who may have suitable opportunities.


Explore information about occupations and the Nigerian labour market. Ask yourself the question, “What can I do with my degree or diploma?” What are those who graduated in my course of study doing today? What are the different jobs available in the Nigerian labour market? Get more information on career options and search other professional bodies and organizations.


Gather ideas about further study or training after graduation. Decide if postgraduate study is a suitable option. Ask yourself Why, When, Where. Find a particular postgraduate programme and where it is offered. Do you want to study in Nigeria or abroad? Do an analysis of graduates of your former school and conclude on what your graduates have been doing after graduation. Do you want to pursue postgraduate study in your former school? Find out what is on offer there and who to talk to about it. Do you want to change your course of study? Consider changing your course of study for broader knowledge. Find the funds to do it. Identify possible sources of funding for research or further study. Sources of funding will depend on the benefits of postgraduate study, part-time work, employer-funded study and loans. Take a decision.


Find vacancies and employers. Try to identify vacancies and employers relevant to your work intentions. Find unadvertised vacancies and apply speculatively. Learn more on how to find out about unadvertised vacancies. It is an added advantage. Attend employer fairs, events, presentations, visits, career fairs etc. Network with Employers! Network with former colleagues! Network with friends! Network with Christian group! Network with town group meetings! Meet employers who are looking for Graduates and find out about their opportunities. Think about self employment and other alternative work styles. Explore alternatives to paid employment, look at the type of person who succeeds and how to start your own business if you want to. Make an appointment with a Careers Adviser like IPRC Nigeria and obtain impartial, confidential advice and guidance.


You get work experience through internships, vacation work, part time work, community service, voluntary works, errands etc. How far has your undergraduate years prepared you for today? There are many sources of vacancies and information about work experience which can be obtained online or through directories. Register and search for vacancies in Nigeria and other countries. Try and consider voluntary work while searching for job. The Institute of Professional Recruitment Consultants, IPRC Nigeria has called for the establishment of the National Council for Work Experience so that students will have the opportunity to put theory learning into practice, consider career options, find out what they like or do not like doing and also get some practical experience or start to develop their 'employability' skills. In the same line, employers will have the opportunity to see what graduates are capable of doing and students on placements can be seen as an extended interview, thereby cutting down on recruitment costs. Also students will be seen as people who have come with fresh eyes to help solve problems. Employers will have an extra pair of hands to develop ideas that may be on the back burner with the opportunity to transfer new ideas from universities to business.


A graduate should understand the various methods of recruiting.

External Sources are:

Press Advertisements, Walk-Ins, Employment Agencies, Search Firm, Campus Visits, Mail Shots, Electronic Recruiting, Recruitment Fairs, Off-the wall Approach, Milk Round,
Recruitment Consultant, E-groups, Alumni, Professional Institutes, Training Program, Seminar
Lists, Marriages, Surveys, Field sales agencies, Outsourcing, Career Fairs, Presentations by
Employers, Unsolicited Applicants, Employee Referrals, Workshops etc.

Internal Sources are:

Job posting, Transfers, Demotion, Promotion, Retired Employees, Temporary workers pool,
previous employee, Customers, Consultants etc.


By talking to career advisers like IPRC Nigeria and other professional associations. A ten minute
appointment is a great way for you to get immediate help with simple questions. With IPRC Nigeria your
interview will be impartial, focused on your own individual needs and completely confidential. From a
given graduate’s CV, we should be able to see the skills and knowledge which are easier to identify,
necessary for top performers, though not sufficient. We should be able to agree that it:-

• Matches responsibility of a given position with track record of the candidate
• Determines the expertise to perform a given position
• Shows the required knowledge, attitudes & skills, KASs is established
• Has professional accomplishment
• Has educational credentials
• Has the ability to explain “products” or processes
• Has communication skills
• The overall resume “fits” to specification


Employers want to recruit students/graduates and that is why they advertise vacancies, recruit on
campus, and target potential recruits. To get good hires, some companies try to find events they
can promote thereby promoting their opportunities to graduates. Some other companies also offer sponsorship/work experience and get involved in curricular activities. Employers also want to raise their company’s profile as much as possible. Because it takes high talent interviewers in the company to recruit high talent hires, employers try to get more information about the labour market (Local, State, Regional, National or International) for students and graduates and in the process they use any available method and other graduate labour market information to plan and improve recruitment.


Learn about recruitment and employment laws and legislation in Nigeria:

Law And Legislation, The Employment Agencies Act, The Labour Act, Discrimination Against Disabled People, Direct And In-Direct Discrimination, Discrimination In Recruitment And Induction, Discrimination On The Grounds Of Race, Discrimination On The Grounds Of Religion, Discrimination On The Grounds Of Sexual Orientation, Discrimination Over Membership Or Non-Membership Of Unions and many more. IPRC Nigeria Organizes Free Seminars On These Topics Weekly.

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